Formation of Jammu and Kashmir State

The Formation of Jammu and Kashmir State - From the Treaty of Amritsar to Integration with India:

The state of Jammu and Kashmir is a landlocked region in South Asia, bordered by Pakistan to the west, China to the north and northeast, and India to the east and south. The state is home to a diverse population of Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, and Buddhists.

The formation of Jammu and Kashmir State can be traced back to the Treaty of Amritsar, which was signed on March 16, 1846, between the British East India Company and Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu. The treaty gave Gulab Singh control of the Kashmir Valley and other territories in the region, in return for a payment of 75 lakh rupees.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir remained under British rule until 1947, when the British Indian Empire was partitioned into India and Pakistan. The princely states were given the choice of joining either India or Pakistan, and Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of Jammu and Kashmir, initially chose to remain independent.

However, in October 1947, Pakistani tribesmen invaded the Kashmir Valley. Maharaja Hari Singh appealed to India for help, and in return for military assistance, he signed the Instrument of Accession on October 26, 1947, which was accepted by the Governor-General of India, Lord Mountbatten. This made Jammu and Kashmir a part of India.

The accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India was not recognized by Pakistan, and the two countries fought a war over the territory in 1947-48. The war ended with a ceasefire, but the Kashmir region remains divided between India and Pakistan to this day.

The formation of Jammu and Kashmir State is a complex and controversial issue. However, there is no doubt that the state has a rich and unique history. The state is home to a diverse population, and it is a region of great strategic importance. The future of Jammu and Kashmir State remains uncertain, but the state is sure to play an important role in the politics of South Asia for many years to come.


Key points:

  • The Treaty of Amritsar was signed after the First Anglo-Sikh War, in which the British East India Company defeated the Sikh Empire.
  • The state of Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state, which means that it was ruled by a hereditary monarch.
  • The Instrument of Accession is a legal document that gives a princely state the option to join either India or Pakistan.
  • The war between India and Pakistan over Kashmir was the first major war between the two countries.
  • The Kashmir region is a source of great tension between India and Pakistan, and it is a potential flashpoint for conflict.

Athar Maqsood

Woking as an Author and Writer since 2020.
Education :
Bachelor in Political Science and Economics. Diploma in Computer Science, Tally, and Typing.

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