Modern Indian Political Thought - Introduction

Modern Indian Political Thought


Modern Indian political thought is a big and complicated subject. It covers a lot of topics, from India's independence to social reform. Many different people have shaped it, from religious leaders to political figures to social activists.

Nationalist Strand:

One important part of modern Indian political thought is the nationalist strand. This strand is about India becoming independent from British rule. Some important thinkers in this strand are Raja Rammohan Roy, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Mahatma Gandhi.


 Raja Rammohan Roy was a social reformer and religious thinker who helped start the Brahmo Samaj, a Hindu reform movement. He also supported women's rights and education. Roy's ideas about religious tolerance and social reform had a big impact on Indian nationalism.

 Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a political leader who is often called the "Father of Indian Unrest." He believed that India could only become independent through mass protests and civil disobedience. Tilak's ideas about swadeshi (self-reliance) and swaraj (self-rule) were important parts of the Indian independence movement.

Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement and one of the most influential people in history. He is best known for his philosophy of nonviolence and his work for social justice. Gandhi's ideas about satyagraha (truth force) and ahimsa (nonviolence) inspired people around the world and helped India become independent.

Social Reform Strand:

Another important part of modern Indian political thought is the social reform strand. This strand is about social justice and reforming Indian society. Some important thinkers in this strand are Jyotirao Phule, Swami Vivekananda, and B. R. Ambedkar.


 Jyotirao Phule was a social reformer who challenged the caste system and the oppression of women. He founded the Satyashodhak Samaj, a social reform movement that fought for the rights of lower castes and women. Phule's ideas about social equality and women's empowerment had a big impact on Indian society.

 Swami Vivekananda was a Hindu monk and philosopher who helped revive Hinduism in the late 19th century. He was a strong advocate for social reform and helping the poor and downtrodden. Vivekananda's ideas about Hindu nationalism and social service inspired many people around the world.

B. R. Ambedkar was a jurist, economist, and social reformer who is considered the father of the Indian Constitution. He was a champion of the rights of lower castes and fought to abolish the caste system. Ambedkar's ideas about social justice and equality had a big impact on Indian society.


These are just a few of the many important thinkers who have shaped modern Indian political thought. Their ideas have had a big impact on the development of India as a nation and continue to inspire people around the world.


I hope this blog article has given you a basic understanding of modern Indian political thought. If you are interested in learning more, I recommend checking out the following resources:


Further Reading:

    The Discovery of India by Jawaharlal Nehru

    The Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore

    Annihilation of Caste by B. R. Ambedkar

    Hinduism: The Religion of Man by Swami Vivekananda

    The Essential Gandhi by Louis Fischer



Athar Maqsood

Woking as an Author and Writer since 2020.
Education :
Bachelor in Political Science and Economics. Diploma in Computer Science, Tally, and Typing.

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