Kashmir University BG 6th Sem English: Steve Jobs (Extract) Text Explanation with Textual Questions


Kashmir University BG 6th Sem English - Steve Jobs (Extract) Text Explanation with Textual Questions

 The University of Kashmir's BG 6th Semester English course includes a comprehensive analysis of Steve Jobs, the biography by Walter Isaacson. This excerpt from the text provides insights into Jobs's unique personality and his vision for Apple.

In this article, we will provide a detailed explanation of the text and present some textual questions to enhance your understanding.

University of Kashmir's BG 6th Semester English course includes a comprehensive analysis of Steve Jobs, the biography by Walter Isaacson


Summary and Explanation of Steve Jobs Extract:

In the late 1960s in San Francisco and the Santa Clara Valley, different cultural currents converged: technological advancements, a growing hacker subculture, the hippie movement, and various self-fulfillment movements. Steve Jobs embodied this mix of technology and enlightenment, dreaming of starting his own business.

Initially, many in the counterculture viewed computers as tools of control. However, by the early 1970s, a shift occurred, and computing became a symbol of individual expression and liberation. This fusion of counterculture and technology led to the birth of the personal computer industry.

Stewart Brand, who encouraged the counterculture to collaborate with hackers, played a crucial role. The Whole Earth Catalog, published by Brand, celebrated technology as a friend to humanity. Jobs admired this catalog.

The Homebrew Computer Club became a central gathering place for computer enthusiasts, including Jobs and Wozniak. It was a space for sharing ideas and innovations.

Jobs and Wozniak decided to start their computer company. They named it Apple, a friendly and simple name that stuck out. Wayne, the initial third partner, withdrew, and Jobs and Wozniak formed a partnership with Jobs taking on marketing responsibilities.

They presented their computer to the Homebrew Computer Club, but the audience was not entirely impressed. However, a local computer store owner named Paul Terrell agreed to order fifty Apple computers if they were fully assembled.

To fill this order, Jobs faced financial challenges but ultimately secured the necessary parts to produce the computers.


Textual Questions of Steve Jobs Extract:


Q.1 According to the author, what kinds of cultural currents flowed together in the San Francisco of the 1960s?

Answer: In the San Francisco of the 1960s, several cultural currents flowed together. These included the technology revolution, with the growth of military contractors, electronics firms, microchip makers, video game designers, and computer companies. There was also a growing hacker subculture, filled with wireheads, phreakers, cyberpunks, and hobbyists. Additionally, the hippie movement, born from the beat generation, and rebellious political activism emerged. Various self-fulfillment movements pursued personal enlightenment, including Zen, Hinduism, meditation, yoga, and others. All these elements converged in the region during that time.

Q.2 What factors led to the 'embracing of the computer as a symbol of individual expression and liberation'?

Answer: The embracing of the computer as a symbol of individual expression and liberation was driven by several factors. Initially, many viewed computers with suspicion, associating them with the Pentagon and the power structure. However, as the 1970s began, a shift occurred. Computers transitioned from being seen as tools of bureaucratic control to symbols of personal empowerment. This shift was influenced by countercultural ideals that favored individualism, creativity, and nonconformity. Figures like Timothy Leary even likened personal computers to the new LSD, emphasizing their role in expanding consciousness and personal freedom.

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Q.3 How does the author present Steve Jobs an embodiment of counter culture and technology?

Answer: The author presents Steve Jobs as an embodiment of the convergence between counter-culture and technology. Jobs meditated, audited physics classes at Stanford, worked at Atari, and dreamed of starting his own business. He was deeply influenced by the counterculture's values and saw the potential for technology to be a tool of personal empowerment and individual expression. His vision and drive to create innovative tools that aligned with these values paved the way for Apple's success and its pivotal role in revolutionizing the technology industry.

Q.4 How was Apple I born? What factors were important in its creation?

Answer: Apple I was born when Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak decided to start their computer company. They named it Apple, and the name was chosen partly because it sounded friendly. Wozniak designed the computer, using readily available parts to keep costs low. They presented their computer to the Homebrew Computer Club, but the audience was not entirely impressed. Then Jobs with his business mind, convinced a local computer store owner, Paul Terrell, to place an order of 50 Apple Computers with a condition of fully assembled computers. (Downloaded from Edu Career Learn)

 This order required them to secure $15,000 worth of parts, which they managed to do through loans and negotiations. and obtain the necessary parts to produce the computers. This marked the beginning of Apple's journey. 

Q.5 What is your estimate of Steve Jobs and his colleagues as depicted in the text?

Answer: Based on the text, Steve Jobs and his colleagues are depicted as visionary individuals who recognized the transformative potential of technology during a period of cultural and social change. They were unconventional thinkers who believed in the fusion of countercultural ideals with technological innovation. Jobs, in particular, is presented as a charismatic and driven figure who not only saw the value of technology but also knew how to market and sell it while Wozniak is a shy and socially awkward but is seen as a brilliant engineer. The text presents them as pioneers in the personal computer industry, driven by a shared passion for innovation and entrepreneurship.


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Athar Maqsood

Woking as an Author and Writer since 2020.
Education :
Bachelor in Political Science and Economics. Diploma in Computer Science, Tally, and Typing.

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