The COVID-19 Pandemic by - Jane Goodall: Textual Question with Summary

Kashmir University BG 6th Sem English Notes "The COVID-19 Pandemic" by - Jane Goodall

Kashmir University BG 6th Sem English Notes "The COVID-19 Pandemic" by - Jane Goodall


In this blog article, we will dive into the content and ideas presented in 'The COVID-19 Pandemic' to uncover the valuable insights, research, and knowledge that Jane Goodall has shared, so lets begin:

Short Summary:

In her essay on the COVID-19 pandemic, Jane Goodall emphasizes several key points. She begins by highlighting the devastating impact of the pandemic on healthcare workers, economies, and individuals worldwide, underlining that the crisis has been brought upon humanity by its own actions. Goodall illustrates how zoonotic diseases, those that transfer from animals to humans, often originate from human-wildlife interactions, such as wildlife markets and deforestation. She advocates for recognizing animals' emotions, intelligence, and capacity to feel pain and calls for more humane treatment in areas like factory farming and animal testing. Despite the challenges, she points out positive aspects, including cleaner environments and community solidarity, and expresses hope for lasting positive change in how humans interact with the natural world.

Textual Questions:

Q.1 The writer says at the very beginning of the essay that 'we have brought this pandemic on ourselves. With the help of two examples discuss how she substantiates her claim.

Answer: In the essay, the writer claims that humans have brought the pandemic on themselves by highlighting two key examples. First, she mentions the existence of wildlife markets such as the Wuhan Seafood market, where various species are kept in close quarters, creating an ideal environment for zoonotic diseases like COVID-19 to spill over to humans. Second, she refers to the impact of deforestation and the destruction of natural habitats, which forces animals into closer contact with humans, increasing the risk of disease transmission, as seen with the HIV-AIDS pandemic originating from the consumption of chimpanzees. These examples illustrate how human activities, such as wildlife trade and habitat destruction, have contributed to the emergence of the pandemic.


Q.2 What are zoonotic diseases? Illustrate with examples how diseases cross over from animals to humans.

Answer: Zoonotic diseases are those that transfer from animals to humans. Examples include COVID-19 likely crossed over from a wild animal, possibly a bat, in a seafood market in Wuhan, China and SARS, which likely spilled over from a civet infected by a bat in a wildlife market. The HIV-AIDS pandemic originated when humans hunted and consumed chimpanzees infected with the (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus) SIV. Similarly, Ebola is a zoonotic bacterial disease that crosses from animal reservoirs to apes and humans. The Nipah virus spilled over from pigs in Malaysia to humans. These examples illustrate how zoonotic diseases can emerge through close contact between humans and animals. Get full pdf at Edu Career Learn

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Q.3 Comment on the writer's belief that animals too, like humans, have feelings and exhibit emotions.

Answer: The writer strongly believes that animals, like humans, have feelings and exhibit emotions. This viewpoint is supported by scientific research and observations. Studies have shown that animals such as rats and mice display empathy, intelligence, and the ability to understand the pain and emotions of fellow creatures. The writer argues that animals, including octopuses and fish, experience fear, distress, and even despair, much like humans. This perspective highlights the need for ethical treatment of animals and the reconsideration of their role in scientific research and other human activities.

Q.4 Enumerate some of the positive effects of the lockdown imposed because of COVID-19.

Answer: The lockdown imposed due to COVID-19 has brought about several positive effects. Firstly, it has led to cleaner air and reduced pollution in many urban areas, allowing people to experience improved environmental conditions. Secondly, it has encouraged acts of kindness and community solidarity & charity, with people helping each other, delivering food, and providing support. Thirdly, it has given people time to reflect on their relationship with the natural world, animals, and each other, potentially inspiring a shift towards more sustainable and compassionate practices.

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Athar Maqsood

Woking as an Author and Writer since 2020.
Education :
Bachelor in Political Science and Economics. Diploma in Computer Science, Tally, and Typing.

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