National Conference - Emergence and Ideology

Emergence and Ideology of National Conference

Introduction:

The National Conference is a regional political party in India’s Jammu and Kashmir union territory, which has played a significant role in the history and politics of the state. The party emerged from the 1931 uprising in Kashmir, which was a landmark event in the state’s struggle for freedom and justice. The party transformed itself from a Muslim-centric organisation to a secular and nationalist one, and adopted a progressive and democratic ideology. The party’s ideology is based on the principles of secularism, nationalism, and democracy, and it aims to achieve self-determination for Kashmir, and to work for the welfare and unity of the Kashmiri people. In this post we will understand its origin,  transmission  and ideologies. 

National conference - Emergence and ideology
National Conference


National Conference (NC) Emergence:

The National Conference (NC) is a regional political party in India’s Jammu and Kashmir union territory. It was founded in 1932 by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah and Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas as the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, a platform for the Kashmiri Muslims to voice their grievances against the Dogra rulers. In 1939, the party changed its name to National Conference, and adopted a secular and nationalist ideology, aiming to represent all the people of the state.

The 1931 Uprising and the Formation of the Muslim Conference

The emergence of the National Conference can be traced back to the 1931 uprising in Kashmir, which was a turning point in the history of the state. The uprising was sparked by the arrest of a young man named Abdul Qadeer, who had delivered a fiery speech against the Dogra regime at a public meeting. The arrest led to widespread protests and clashes between the police and the demonstrators. On July 13, 1931, the police opened fire on a crowd outside the Srinagar Central Jail, killing 22 people. This incident ignited a mass movement against the Dogra rule, and marked the beginning of a new era of political awakening in Kashmir.

The uprising also led to the formation of the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, which became the leading political party in the state. The party was founded by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, a charismatic leader who had emerged as the spokesperson of the Kashmiri Muslims. He was joined by Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas, a prominent lawyer and politician from Jammu. The party aimed to mobilize the Kashmiri Muslims for their political and economic rights, and to challenge the autocratic and oppressive Dogra regime.

The Transformation of the Muslim Conference into the National Conference

The Muslim Conference underwent a major transformation in 1939, when it changed its name to National Conference, and adopted a secular and nationalist ideology. The party decided to broaden its base and appeal to all the communities of the state, irrespective of their religion, caste, or region. The party also aligned itself with the Indian National Congress, and supported the idea of a united and independent India.

The party’s transformation was influenced by several factors, such as:

  • The realization that the Kashmiri Muslims were not a homogeneous group, and that they had different aspirations and identities based on their region, class, sect, and language.
  • The recognition that the Kashmiri Muslims were not the only oppressed community in the state, and that the other communities, such as the Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Christians, also faced discrimination and exploitation by the Dogra rulers.
  • The exposure to the progressive and secular ideas of the Indian freedom struggle, and the influence of leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Maulana Azad, who advocated for a pluralistic and democratic India.
  • The desire to create a modern and progressive society in Kashmir, based on the principles of social justice, equality, and human dignity.

The Ideology of the National Conference

The National Conference’s ideology was based on the principles of secularism, nationalism, and democracy. The party’s goal was to achieve self-determination for Kashmir, and to work for the welfare and unity of the Kashmiri people. The party’s ideology can be summarized as follows:

  • Secularism: The National Conference is a secular party, and it welcomes members from all religious communities. The party believes that religion should not be a factor in politics, and it advocates for a secular state in Kashmir, where all the citizens enjoy equal rights and freedoms, regardless of their faith.
  • Nationalism: The National Conference is a nationalist party, and it believes that Kashmir should be an independent state, free from the domination of any external power. The party argues that Kashmir has a unique history and culture, and that it should be free to determine its own destiny, in accordance with the wishes of its people.
  • Democracy: The National Conference is a democratic party, and it believes in the rule of law and the right of the people to self-determination. The party advocates for a democratic system of government in Kashmir, where the people elect their representatives and participate in the decision-making process. The party also strives to uphold the civil liberties and human rights of the Kashmiri people, and to protect them from any form of violence or oppression.
We hope that this blog article would have provided you the key points in understanding the origin of National conference from All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference. 


Athar Maqsood

Woking as an Author and Writer since 2020.
Education :
Bachelor in Political Science and Economics. Diploma in Computer Science, Tally, and Typing.

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