Role of Reading Room Party in Kashmir - Origin and objectives


Role of Reading Room Party

The Reading Room Party (RRP) was a political party that emerged in the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in the early 20th century. It played a significant role in the development of the political consciousness of the state and the struggle for freedom and democracy. In this blog post, we will explore the origin, objectives, and achievements of the RRP and its impact on the history of Jammu and Kashmir.

Origin of the RRP

The RRP was founded in 1930 by a group of young Kashmiri intellectuals, who were inspired by the nationalist movements in India and other parts of the world. They used to meet at a reading room in Srinagar, where they discussed various political, social, and economic issues affecting the state. Some of the prominent members of the RRP were Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, Ghulam Nabi Gilkar, and Abdul Aziz Fazili. They were dissatisfied with the autocratic rule of the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir, who denied the basic rights and freedoms of the people, especially the Muslims, who formed the majority of the population. They also faced discrimination and oppression from the Hindu Dogra elite, who controlled the administration and the economy of the state.

Objectives of the RRP

The RRP was the first political party in Jammu and Kashmir to demand an end to the Maharaja’s autocratic rule and the establishment of a representative government. It also aimed to mobilize the Kashmiri people to fight for their rights and freedoms. The RRP focused on social and economic reforms, such as improving education and job opportunities for Muslims, who were largely illiterate and poor. It also demanded political reforms, such as the abolition of the feudal system, the introduction of universal suffrage, and the protection of civil liberties. The RRP advocated for a secular and democratic state, where all the communities, including Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Christians, would live in harmony and equality.

Achievements of the RRP

The RRP played a vital role in the awakening of the political consciousness of the Kashmiri people and the emergence of a mass movement for freedom and democracy. It organized public meetings, rallies, demonstrations, and strikes to raise awareness and protest against the injustices and atrocities of the Maharaja and his officials. It also published newspapers, pamphlets, and leaflets to spread its message and ideology. The RRP was instrumental in the formation of the All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference in 1931, which later became the All Jammu and Kashmir National Conference in 1939, under the leadership of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. The RRP also participated in the Quit Kashmir Movement in 1946, which demanded the end of the Maharaja’s rule and the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India. The RRP was banned by the Maharaja in 1947, after the partition of India and Pakistan, and its members joined the National Conference or other political parties.

Impact of the RRP

The RRP was a pioneer and a catalyst in the development of the political consciousness of Jammu and Kashmir. It inspired and influenced many other political parties and leaders, who carried forward the legacy and vision of the RRP. It also contributed to the formation of the identity and culture of the Kashmiri people, who became aware of their rights and aspirations. The RRP was a part of the larger nationalist movement in India, which fought for the independence and sovereignty of the country. The RRP also shaped the history and destiny of Jammu and Kashmir, which remains a disputed and divided territory between India and Pakistan. The RRP was a symbol of the courage and resilience of the Kashmiri people, who continue to struggle for their freedom and dignity.


We hope this blog post would have helped you in understand the Role of Reading Room Party in Kashmir. 

Athar Maqsood

Woking as an Author and Writer since 2020.
Education :
Bachelor in Political Science and Economics. Diploma in Computer Science, Tally, and Typing.

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